Stages Of House Building – Finishes

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This is the stage whereby the building is clad. This is viewed by many as the final stage of house building, which is, in some cases, correct. This is what gives the building its most identifiable character. Some of the following procedures are common in this stage;

· Plastering and rendering: Plaster is for the interiors while rendering is for the outsides. This involves the application of screed (cement sand mix) onto walls to get an even (usually smooth) surface. This is used to conceal the uneven wall surfaces as well as to offer protection to wall against things like excessive water and abrasion. Depending on the theme adopted, plaster can be very smooth (steel float finish), slightly rough (wood float finish) or very rough for example Tyrolean and spatter dash finishes.

· Pointing and Keying: This is common in masonry walls. It involves the highlighting of joints as well as regularizing the same. There are different pointing styles possible, but the most common is the key finish. This gives the masonry joints a rounded finish look. This finish is most common on outside surfaces, although it is also applied in heavy traffic interiors.

· Painting: Painting is a very common finish, offering both aesthetics and protection. Some forms of painting are also meant to give lighting effects and thus complement services like electricity. Paint varies greatly in character and of course, colour. One of the most recognizable descriptions of paint is the mode of thinning used. Thinning refers to the mixing of paint with another compound to assume the desired weight. These main groups include;

– Water based paints: These are thinned using water. For this reason, they are not ‘washable paints’ meaning that they will be spoilt by water in an attempt to wash surfaces on which they are applied. They are therefore most common in ceilings as well as high parts of walls, away from water. They are not suitable for external work.
– Oil based paints: These are thinned by spirit and are more permanent as well as washable. They are therefore suitable for external works as well as wet areas.

Paints are applied on surfaces using various modes, which include brushing, rolling and spraying.

· Tiling: Tiles are pieces of thin palletes made from varying materials and used for lining surfaces, to provide both aesthetics as well as protection. These are usually stuck onto the various surfaces using adhesives, either synthetic or cement. They are most common wet areas as well as executive spaces.

· Other finishes: Other include;

– Terrazzo and Granolithic floor finish; This is a finish made out of hard aggregates in an aesthetic mix and bonded with cement, finished very smooth and usually, in aesthetic patterns. It is a hard wearing surface and as such common in high traffic areas.
– Wood flooring: This refers to various forms of timber flooring solutions, most common here being the wood block.
– Carpet: This is the use of a fabric or other appropriate cover for floor finish.
– Sound Proofing: Common in noise free areas. Here, noise absorbing panels are fixed on wall and ceilings to keep out (or in) all noise envisaged.

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